First lung dialysis successfully tested in Italy.
Lung dialysis to help treat Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was successfully tested in Italy on Wednesday for the first time in the world. The new method, which was tested at Molinette hospital in Turin and Sant’ Orsola hospital in Bologna, could significantly reduce mortality rates, a statement from Molinette hospital said.
COPD is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by chronically poor airflow. It typically worsens over time. The main symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production. Most people with chronic bronchitis have COPD and it is mainly caused by pollution and cigarette smoke.
Normally, when COPD patients experience severe breathing difficulties, they are treated with non-invasive ventilation, consisting of masks which pump air into the lungs to remove carbon dioxide. But when non-invasive ventilation fails, which happens in 25-50 percent of cases, they need to be connected to a ventilator through a tube, which is called invasive ventilation, and the risk of death increases up to 100 times.
The new method of lung dialysis, which was created and manufactured in Italy, is a low-invasive system that purifies the patients’ blood by reducing carbon dioxide level, the statement said.
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